Cleveland Rockwell (1837-1907)” was the foremost painter
of the Pacific Northwest. Although Rockwell did not become a full-time
painter until his retirement in 1892, the many sketches he made on his
expeditions served as the basis for his later oil and watercolor paintings.
Born in Youngstown, Ohio, Cleveland Rockwell received early training
in art and engineering. He was a cartographer for the Union Army in the
Civil War, after which he made a brief mapping tour of South America
, then settled in Portland , Oregon . He became chief of the NW section
of the U.S. Geodetic Survey and conducted surveys in California , Oregon
, British Columbia , and Alaska . He surveyed the 50 miles of Oregon
coast south of Astoria and the Columbia and Willamette Rivers .